Creedence Clearwater Revival (often referred to as Creedence or CCR) was an American rock band active in the late 1960s and early 1970s which consisted of lead vocalist, lead guitarist, and primary songwriter John Fogerty, his brother rhythm guitarist Tom Fogerty, bassist Stu Cook, and drummer Doug Clifford.

At a time when rock music was evolving away from the forces that had made it possible in the first place, Creedence Clearwater Revival brought rock back to its roots with a concise synthesis of rockabilly, swamp pop, R&B, and country. Although the band’s tight, punchy arrangements were a group effort, their vision belonged to singer, songwriter, guitarist, and leader John Fogerty. Fogerty’s classic compositions for Creedence evoked enduring images of Americana, and they simultaneously reflected burning social issues of the day. The band’s genius was their ability to accomplish this with the economic, primal power of a classic rockabilly ensemble.

Hit singles such as “Suzie Q,” “Bad Moon Rising,” “Up Around the Bend,” and “Proud Mary” established CCR as one of the top rock groups of the late 1960s. The band broke up in 1972. Lead singer John Fogerty retreated from music in the late 1980s but returned in 1997, with the Grammy-winning album Blue Moon Swamp.

Creedence Clearwater Rival was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993. CCR’s music is still a staple of American and worldwide radio airplay, and is often hear in movie soundtracks and other media.